Aluminum balustrades not only provide the required durability and durability, but also determine the appearance of the façade and co-create its character. The company’s offer includes various types of fillings compatible with the system of aluminum railing profiles. The most popular types of fillings are:
safe laminated glass – Enables the design of glass balcony balustrades with a variety of textures and colors. Transparent or structural fill models are also available (finishing: colored foils, antisoles, sandblasted or etched glass, etc.),
fiber-cement boards, colored in mass or surface – They give the possibility of obtaining a strong structure and an interesting visual effect. Thanks to the finish with acrylic or polyurethane paints, they offer a wide range of color options. You can also choose plates with brushed or raw surface for self-processing,
aluminum composite panels – with different colors and surface finishes
balusters or perforated sheets – any shape and colors.
ALUMINUM BALUSTRAD INSTALLATION
Aluminum balustrades are resistant to adverse weather conditions. The aluminum profile is relatively light and at the same time durable and allows for easy and accurate machining. It can also be powder coated with several dozens of colors available in the RAL palette, in a metallic, matte or structural finish. Specially designed aluminum profiles of Copal railing systems do not require welding and allow fast, safe and clean installation of the structure. All connections between elements are carried out with rivets and screws, which significantly speeds up assembly and allows, if necessary, to dismantle entire structures without damaging them. Balcony balustrades should have a properly designed structure that will transfer the loads and ensure the safety of use. The height of the barrier, its construction and fills should ensure effective protection and safety of users. The railing should be particularly safe for children. It must prevent climbing on it and penetrating through its cracks in the filling or construction, as well as in the places of connection with the wall of the building. The minimum height of the balustrade in multi-family housing is 1.1 mb, while in single-family housing 0.9 mb. The maximum clearance between the elements of the balustrade or in its filling should not be greater than 0.12 mb.
Stable balustrade posts are fastened to aluminum brands on the balcony slab, from the bottom of the balcony slab or to the front of the balcony with the possibility of covering the entire floor band. Aluminum brands can be installed both before finishing the balcony slabs, and can also be a decorative element, shown on the balcony slab. Regardless of the way of fixing the balustrade posts, it is always necessary to properly protect the surface and moisture insulation of the balcony slab. The highest risk of damage to the insulation is burdened with spot assembly of the railing post patterns from the top of the balcony slab. In such a case, special care should be taken to secure and properly seal the places where the waterproofing has been violated. The holes for the anchors are cleaned and filled with a resin-based suspension. Then wait until the mass is fixed. This time varies depending on the temperature of the substrate and the mortar used and can range from several minutes to a few hours. After this time, the brand of the post can be embedded, and its contact surface with the ground is covered with sealant, while protecting the interrupted insulation layer against water penetration.
Attaching the balustrade from the bottom of the board or from the front of the balcony slab has many advantages. First of all, it does not affect the waterproofing and does not take up space on the balcony slab. These are the least invasive methods, because they effectively eliminate not only the risk of leaks, but also the creation of thermal bridges. Brand fastening can occur even directly to the raw balcony slab (in case it is insulated from the building structure by the so-called Isokorba or balconies supplied to the building) as well as through the insulation of the balcony slab integrated with the building structure. It is necessary to use the appropriate lengths embedded in the existing insulation or to make a longer holder for the post, so as to leave room for thermal insulation. The most popular fastening systems for heavy loads, mechanical or chemical ones, are used to fix the points of balustrade holders. Selection of anchors and system depends on the method of fixing the balustrade (from the top, from the bottom or from the front), the thickness and type of the balcony slab material used, as well as on the existing loads. The most advantages are the chemical anchor because it allows installation at smaller distances from the edges and corners and closer to neighboring anchors. Each time the fixing system should be selected according to static calculations.